Cox/Cock Extracts from the 1851 Census for Herefordshire
The territory now forming the county of Herefordshire, was, in the time of the ancient Britons, part of the country of Silures; and then bore the name ERCINAC. The Silures made most strenuous opposition to the Romans; they had the great General Caractacus, who put the Roman tactics to severe test; yet they were defeated, even under Caractacus by O. Scapula at Coxwell Knoll, and suffered final reduction, in the time of Vespasian, by Julius Trintinus.
Herefordshire then became part of the Britannia Secunda and then sustained repeated invasions by the Picts and Scots after the recall of the Roman legions from Britain; but with the assistance of Hengist & Horsa by Vortigen, it became one of the last English territories to submit to Saxon rule. It became at length part of Mercia, but was then so vexed and harassed by the Welsh that Offa, the great king of Mercia, constructed the long defensive work known as "Offa's Dyke" for the protection of its inhabitants.
All was not so safe though as in 1055, it was overrun by the Llewelyn ap Gryffydd, Prince of Wales, and eleven years later it made a ready and complete submission to the Norman yoke.
Various battles took place over the years up to the Commonwealth. Of interest is a Cromlech on King Arthur's hill.
How Caple -
Little Hereford -
Upper Kinsham -