Most of this page is presented with the compliments of Dan Burrows - firstname.lastname@example.org who says the following: -
"I put these 130 items together from many sources and used it as a handout for our local Orange County (NY) Genealogical Society."
"I was asked by many recipients if the CHART could be forwarded to other lists or used in local newsletters. The answer is yes -- please share this information."
Some descriptions have been truncated in order not to take up too much space
Taster of ale
Giver of charity [alms or food] to the needy, usually by a monk
Secretary or Stenographer
A Soldier mechanic who does repairs
Bonded men or women
Another name for Serfs
Keeper of an Inn
One who works with Brass
A King's Bailiff sergeant
One who filled up cracks in ships, windows or seams to make them watertight by using tar or oakum-hemp fibre produced by taking old ropes apart.
Husbandmen or freeman usually as farmer but often a craftsman, huntsman, forester or merchant
Clergyman or Cleric
The servant of a salesman who stood at the door to invite customers; one who received the matter in the galley from the compositors and arranged it in due form ready for printing; one who makes eyelet holes in boots using a machine which clicked.
Peddler of Books
One who makes or repairs vessels made of staves & hoops, such as casks, barrels & tubs
Shoemaker, originally a goatskin leather worker from Cordova/Cordoba in Spain
Peddler of fruits and vegetables
A person employed at raising the nap of woollen cloth
Boys employed to scare crows
One who dresses the coat of a horse with a currycomb; one who tanned leather by incorporating oil or grease
Stevedore/Docker Worker who loads and unloads ships cargos
One who finds water using either one or two rods or a 'Y' shaped hazel stick sometimes known as a "Witching Stick"
Dealer in dry goods known more commonly today as selling clothes
One who drives a long strong cart without fixed sides for carrying goods
Hospital Surgeon's assistant
One who drives farm animals to market, more usually cattle or sheep; Cattle Dealer
|None at Present|
Agent, Commission Merchant; One who acts or transacts business for another; Scottish Steward or Bailiff of an estate
Blacksmith, one who shoes horses
One who looks after and trains Falcons
One who removes the hair or wool from hides in preparation for leather making
Maker of Bows and Arrows
Driver of a one-horse carriage hired by the day
Street broadsheet seller [Paper Boy!]
1. Driver of light vehicle hired out for carriage of passenger; 2. Could mean a the proprietor who owned the vehicle as well as hiring it out. 3. Theatre stage hand;
Usually describes the owner of what we know today as a Taxi
He who had no land but worked for pay.
One who fulls cloth; one who shrinks and thickens woollen cloth by moistening, heating, and pressing; one who cleans and finishes cloth.
Keeper of the Gaol
A barn keeper or the foreman of a farm
A person who mined lead, found mostly in England in the Mendip Hills
A monk who saw to the comfort of visitors, also known as Hospitaller, whilst the Abbot probably received noble guests at his own house
Maker of Hoes
One who combs out or cards flax
Dealer in Hay
Keeper of Fences or keeper of the common herd of cattle of a town
Labourer - farm or otherwise
Stevedore or Dock Worker, known more in Somerset at Highbridge Wharf
A Groom who took care of horses, often at an Inn
Another name for a Cooper
Seller of small wares
A Farmer who cultivated the land
The monk who looked after sick monks in hospital and elderly persons living in the monastery
One who had served his apprenticeship and mastered his craft, not bound to serve a master but hired by the day.
The collector of all port dues from ships and cargoes
The monk who saw to the cooking and the stores of food, ale & wine. Also known as Cellarer
Keeper of the cupboard
Maker of horse gear
Bricklayer or Stone Worker
One who issues local currency
Seller of goods (Ale, Fish)
Innkeeper with fixed prices
Oil Cake Presser
One who presses linen flax seeds to extract the linseed oil. What is left is known as "The Cake" -
Maker of a clog shod with an iron ring. A clog was a wooden pole with a pattern cut into the end
A person, usually a woman, who opened the closed doors to pews for their owners when they attended church. Sometimes these doors were locked.
The Pinder was an officer of a manor responsible for impounding stray animals. He carries a spade with an iron edge and blows a horn. 14th century - (Our Forgotten Past by Jerome Blum1982)
One who applies sheet lead for roofing and sets lead frames for stained glass windows
Wrought Iron Worker - one who "Puddles" the molten metal.
An old £1 note
The Bailiff of a Franchise or Manor. Also a man chosen to speak for the villagers to the lord
Hoist Tackle Worker
Seller of Fish
Maker of Ropes or Nets
A person who breaks in horses
One who makes, repairs or sells saddles or other furnishings for horses
One who saws timber, may also be a carpenter
A minor or worthless author
Professional or public copyist or writer; Public Notary
The shire-reeve or King's Officer
A church warden's assistant at collection time during services by passing the collections plates at the sides of pews in the side aisles
Seller of ready-made clothes in a slop shop
One who repairs shoes
Men who before the Conquest, were freemen or churls and managed to hold on to their rights of freedom whilst others became nothing more than serfs. See also Yeoman
A woman who spins or has not married
Maker of Spurs
Country Gentleman; Farm Owner; Justice of the Peace
The chief servant to the lord
Officer on a merchant ship who is in charge of cargo and the commercial concerns of the ship.
One who tans (Cures) animal hides into leather; An old sixpenny piece
One who puts the tap in an ale cask
|Tawers||Leatherworkers who create white leather by using mineral tanning with alum & salt|
One who drives a team for hauling
Roofer, usually using reed or straw
An itinerant tin pot and pan seller and repairman.
Toll Bridge Collection
Cleaner or Fuller of cloth goods; In Australia means food
A person who turns wood on a lathe into spindles. Nowadays is also applied to metal turning.
Tavern Keeper; one who provides the armed forces with food.
Teamster not for hire
Customs Officer or Tide Waiter; one who waited on the tide to collect duty on goods brought in.
Boatman not for hire
Operator of looms
Owner of a Wharf
One who makes or repairs wheels for wagons and carriages.
Tinsmith; Worker of iron who finishes or polishes the work.
Bleacher of Cloth
|Whittawer||Maker of white leather (See also Tawer)|
Workman, especially a construction worker.
A Farmer who owns his land or those who were freemen or churls before the Conquest and managed to hold on to their rights of freedom afterwards, whilst others became nothing more than serfs. See also Socmen
Page Last Updated: 02/01/2013