The Monmouth Rebels 1685                                              

The following comes to you with the kind permission of the Somerset Record Society, from a book published by them (Vol 79 1985) in which is listed the Rebel's Rollcall.

This Presentment of the Rebels, known as "The Monmouth Roll" lists some 2,611 men of which 20 persons were of the name COX and who took part in the uprising that started when one unfortunate pistol shot alerted the King's forces before the ill-fated Battle of Sedgemoor.

If you think one of these may be your ancestor, I would be pleased to help if needed!

COX James, Yeoman of Axmouth, 'reported' (CP); presented at Exeter, proposed for pardon; misreported 'at large' (JR)

COX John, Yeoman of Axmouth, 'reported' (CP); presented at Exeter but at large. (JR)

COX John, Yeoman of Combpyne, 'With Monmouth' (CP); presented at Exeter, but at large (JR)

COX John Senior, Fuller of Taunton St Mary, 'aiding' (CP); Blue Regiment. (P)

COX John Junior, Worsted Comber of Taunton St Mary, 'aiding' (CP); Blue Regiment. (P)

COX John of West Hatch, 'absent' (CP); transported (CL); tried at Wells, transported for Stapleton (JR) and the Indeavour from Bristol, 20th October to Nevis or St Kitts. (SL)

COX Lancelot of Beaminster, 'Wanting from his home' (CP); presented at Wells and Bound over. (JR)

COX Philip, Husbandman or Yeoman of Colyton, 'absent' (CP); tried at Dorchester; transported for Nipho (JR) on the Betty bound for Barbados; died at sea 19th December. (SL) - Also presented at Exeter and misreported 'At Large'. (JR); Land, estate worth 30 p.a., forfeit and for sale. Widow & Daughter, reduced to begging, petitioned for the estate which was granted to them. (TB)

COX Richard, Yeoman of Musbury, 'In Rebellion' (CP); 'went with his plough [cart]' (DLD); wounded, his hand broken, at Norton St Philip; captured, and put in Ilchester gaol, where Dr Winter set the bones (WB); presented at Dorchester, 'remaining in gaol' (JR); also presented at Exeter and misreported 'at large' (JR).

COX Robert, of Wedmore, 'absent and in late Rebellion' (CP).

COX Robert, Yeoman of Axmouth, 'reported' (CP); presented at Exeter but at large (JR)

COX Samuel, tried at Wells; hanged at Ilchester (JR, JW)

COX Thomas, of Chetnole, 'supposed' (CP)

Cox Thomas, Yeoman of Colyton, 'absent' (CP); presented at Exeter but at large (JR). Petitioned unsuccessfully for his brother Philip's estate (TB)

COX Thomas, Yeoman of Musbury, 'in the Rebellion, at large' (CP); presented at Exeter but at large (JR); Mistakenly said to be of Axminster in BL. Add. MS. 90337.

COX Thomas, Worsted Comber of Taunton St Mary, 'aiding' (CP); Blue Regiment. (P)

COX William Senior, Husbandman of Musbury, 'in rebellion' (CP); went with his plough [cart], imprisoned at Ilchester (DLD); tried at Dorchester (JR); Hanged at Wareham on 22nd September (NL); Land, estate of 32 p.a., forfeit and for sale (TB); Mistakenly presented at Exeter and reported at large (JR).

COX William Junior, Yeoman of Musbury, 'in Rebellion' (CP); went with his plough [cart], imprisoned at Ilchester (DLD); presented at Dorchester, remaining in custody (JR); Mistakenly presented at Exeter and reported at large (JR.

COX William Senior, Sergemaker of Taunton St Mary, 'aiding' (CP); Blue Regiment (P); Escaped to Holland and helped to manufacture English cloth there. Pardon dated 2nd June 1686 'if he return with his goods and effects within 2 calendar months' (CSPD, J2, II, 625).

COX William Junior, Sergemaker of Taunton St Mary, 'aiding' (CP); Blue Regiment (P); Pardon dated 12th May 1686 (CSPD,J2, II, 531).

 

Abbreviations: -

CP            Constables' presentments of 2,611 names intended for the Assizes at Dorchester, Exeter & Taunton (also called the Monmouth Roll). British Library, Additional MS 30077.

CSPD        Calendar of State Papers, Domestic (H.M.S.O.), C2 (Charles II); J2 (James II); W&M (William & Mary).

DLD        List compiled for the Deputy Lieutenant of Devon, of men in prison in Wiltshire, Somerset, Dorset & Devon: Churchill College, Cambridge, Erle MS 4/2 (Photocopy in SRO T/PH/wig).

JR            Jeffrey's Report to King James; British Library, Additional MS 90337; copy in Harleian MS 4689. Printed in Bloody Assizes, ed. Muddiman, 195-225.

JW            Jeffrey's Warrant to the Sheriff of Somerset: British Library, Additional MS 34516. Printed in T. Salmon, A Collection of Proceedings and Trials against State Prisoners (1741) and Bloody Assize, ed. Muddiman, 226-31.

NL            Newsletter

P              Presumption

SL            Sailing and Shipping Lists: Public Records Office, Colonial Office (CO); 1/57, 58, 66. Partly printed in The Original Lists of Persons of Quality, Emigrants, Religious Exiles, Political Rebels...who went from Great Britain to the American Plantations, 1600-1700, ed. J.C. Hotten (Reprinted 1974)

TB            Calendar of Treasury Books (H.M.S.O.) Volume VIII, pp. 2002-6, is a schedule of people whose lands were forfeit and in some cases were for sale.